Common moles are clusters of pigmented skin cells that look like raised dark spots on the skin. They are often caused when the melanin in the skin forms in clusters instead of spreading evenly throughout the skin. Moles are normally harmless and can appear on any area of the body. Fortunately, unsightly moles can be removed safely by a medical professional. These are some common medical procedures that are used for mole removal.
Cryotherapy mole removal involves using liquid nitrogen to freeze the mole and this makes the mole fall off the skin naturally. Liquid nitrogen or another freezing agent may be applied by spraying it directly on the mole or applying it with a swab. Freezing the mole kills the skin cells and the mole turns white and detaches from the untreated skin.
This treatment causes minimal pain, and some redness and blistering may occur. However, the healing time only takes a few weeks and there is little chance of noticeable scarring. This method is normally done on smaller moles that do not need to be surgically removed.
There are normally three different surgical options that one has for mole removal. These are basic surgery, electrosurgery and laser surgery.
- Basic Surgical Mole Removal - When this procedure is done, the surgeon uses a scalpal to cut the mole off at the base and then stitches the remaining area closed. The amount of time it takes for the remaining skin to heal and the likelihood of scarring depends on how large and how deep the mole was on the skin.
- Electrosurgical Mole Removal - Elctrosurgery is often combined with basic surgery for removing a mole. First, the surgeon will cut away the mole with a scalpel and then use an electrical current to burn off any of the mole that remains deep in the skin. There is normally no need for stitching with this method. Scarring may occur depending on the size and depth of the mole.
- Laser Surgery For Mole Removal - Laser surgery can be used for mole removal if the mole is not deep into the skin. This is done by using a laser light directly on the mole to burn away the tissues where the mole is attached to the skin. The laser also seals off the blood vessels so that there is no excessive bleeding or a need for sutures. Healing time for laser surgery is often quicker than other surgical procedures because it is only performed on small moles.
There are also products on the market that are used to remove a mole on your own. These products can be found in a cream or paste form and they may contain a natural herb called bloodroot that kills the cells of the mole and causes it to fall off. This process may take several weeks to complete and should not be used unless a physician has already determined that your mole is non-cancerous.